There are many disorders related to the gastrointestinal tract, including those affecting the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine or colon, rectum and liver. Our board certified Gastroenterologists are specially trained in the diagnosis and treatment of such disorders. Using our combined knowledge, experience, and resources, we are determined to provide you with the best possible care.
Colonoscopy is advised for all patients, age 50 and older, as a method of colon cancer screening. The procedure is preformed using a colonoscope, a long flexible tube that permits visualization of the lining of the large bowel. The instrument is inserted via the rectum and guided through the length of the colon. If the doctor sees a suspicious area, a biopsy can be done to make a diagnosis.
The sigmoid colon is the last portion of the large intestine before the rectum. Flexible sigmoidoscopy allows our physicians to examine the rectum and lower portion of the colon using a lighted, flexible tube with a camera on the end called a sigmoidoscope; checking for abnormalities and taking biopsies if necessary.
Upper GI Endoscopy - EGD
Upper GI endoscopy, sometimes called EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy), is a visual examination of the upper intestinal tract using a lighted, flexible, fiber-optic endoscope. The upper gastrointestinal tract begins with the mouth and continues with the esophagus (food pipe) which carries food to the stomach. The stomach secretes a potent acid and churns food into small particles. The food then enters the duodenum, or small bowel, where bile from the liver and digestive fluid from the pancreas mix to help the digestive process.
Reasons for Colonoscopy
Screening for colon polyps or colon cancer
Unexplained change in bowel habits
Family history of colon cancer
Reasons for Sigmoidoscopy
Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
Reasons for EGD
Tumors of the stomach or esophagus
Upper abdominal pain or indigestion
Gastritis, inflammation of the lining of the stomach.