Colon cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. While the American Cancer Society predicts that 2019 will bring 101,420 new cases of colon cancer, the overall incidence of colon cancer has been decreasing in recent years. However, even though overall cases are declining, many studies show a sharp increase in the number of colon cancer cases in the young population. Because of these findings, the American Cancer Society now recommends colon cancer screenings begin at the age of 45, down from the previous guidelines that suggested screenings begin at age 50.

The declining date rate of colon cancer, and the declining number of overall colon cancer cases are almost certainly due to improved treatments for the disease, and regular screening that finds cancerous polyps early in the disease process.1This means that regular colon cancer screenings are imperative for adults, young and old. Colon cancer and screenings are often thought to be more associated with the older population, but studies show that this is a disease that adults of all age groups should be thinking about.